Professor of Physics, Emeritus
B.Sc equivalent, Physical-Technical Institute, Moscow, 1952. First Ph.D, Yerevan Physics Institute, Armenia, 1958. Second Ph.D, Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, Novosibirsk, 1963. Research, Theoretical Department, Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics (ITEP), Moscow, 1953-56. Research, Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, 1963-64. Research, Chief of electro-magnetic interaction lab, Professor (1970), Yerevan Physics Institute, 1956-72. Research, Institute of Terrestrial Magnetism and Dissemination of Radio Waves, Moscow region, 1972-73. After a detour through the Gulag: Senior Scientist, Laboratory of Nuclear Studies, Cornell University, 1987-2008. Professor, Physics and Government, Cornell University, 2008-2015. Profess of Physics, Emeritus, Cornell University, 2015. Visiting Scientist, CERN, 1988-89. Member, Brookhaven National Laboratory EDM Collaboration, 1998-2015; Brookhaven/Fermilab Muon (g-2) Collaboration, 1987-present; Juelich EDM Collaboration (JEDI), 2015. Consultant, Brookhaven National Laboratory, 1998-2009. Center for Axion and Precision Physics, IBS, 2014. American Physical Society Nicholson Medal, 1995. American Physical Society Andrei Sakharov Prize, 2006. Fellow, American Academy of Arts and Sciences. Fellow, American Physical Society. Foreign Member, National Academy of Sciences of Armenia.
Accelerator physics, experimental elementary particle spin physics, spin-gravity interaction, foundations of quantum mechanics
I continue to investigate systematic errors, spin coherence time, spin-gravity and other theoretical issues related to the proposed measurement of the proton, electron and deuteron EDMs.
A note on past research: My research in the Soviet Union was mostly in accelerator physics. I worked on the design of ITEP's 7 GeV proton synchrotron, developing a theory of non-linear betatron oscillations as well as betatron and synchro-betatron resonances. At the Yerevan Physics Institute, I did the conceptual design of the 5 GeV electron synchrotron, sometimes simultaneously working with the Budker Institute, and publishing papers on quantum radiation damping (in particular, the sum rule) and excitation, spin resonances, and spin diffusion. I also proposed a 100x100 GeV electron-positron collider, an idea not accepted at the time. After arriving in the West, I helped create and develop at CERN the idea of ion "shaking," with consequent doubling of the number of accumulated anti-protons. In the United States, I have worked on an alternative design for the proposed B-factory at Cornell; participated in measuring the magnetic dipole moment of the muon at BNL; done the theoretical work for proposals to measure the electric dipole moment of the deuteron at BNL; done theoretical work for proposals to measure the electric dipole moments of the proton, electron and deuteron; and published on quantum indeterminism.